Developing and Assessing Digital Public Health Interventions: A Comprehensive Framework


About this framework

Purpose and scope of the framework

Public Health aims to promote and enhance the health status of individuals and communities through collective societal efforts. Recently, several digital technologies have emerged, pursuing the same goal, developing a novel concept: Digital Public Health. Given the rapidly increasing number of health-related digital technologies, a systematic framework is necessary to assess their values from a public health perspective.

The present framework aims to assist developers, evaluators, policymakers and researchers in the systematic development and evaluation of digital public health interventions in public health by providing a comprehensive overview of criteria to assess digital public health interventions. These criteria are framed as open-ended questions clustered within domains that will lead interested parties through a broad spectrum of crucial elements when developing and evaluating digital public health interventions.

While the first version of the framework comprised of 13 domains and 210 questions, the revised version 1.1 only consists of 12 domains and 182 questions. The 12 Domains are: 1) Health Conditions and Current Public Health Interventions, 2) Technical Aspects, 3) Usability, 4) Infrastructure and Organization, 5) Implementation, 6) Intended and Unintended Health-related Effects, 7) Social, Cultural and Intersectional Aspects, 8) Ethics 9) Legal and Regulatory, 10) Data Security and Data Protection, 11) Cost and Economics, and 12) Sustainability.

As the field of Digital Public Health is rapidly evolving, the framework has been designed as a living framework and will be revised continuously as technology advances.

The current and all past versions of the framework can be found at the Open Science Framework (OSF) under

Chen-Chia Pan, Nuria Pedros Barnils, Dorothee Jürgens, Saskia Muellmann, Sarah Janetzki, Jonathan Kolschen, Merle Freye, Hans-Henrik Dassow, Oliver Lange, Wolf Rogowski, Anke Reinschluessel, Sarah Forberger, Tina Jahnel, Benjamin Schüz, Ansgar Gerhardus

Pan, C. C.; Pedros Barnils, N.; Jürgens, D.; Muellmann, S.; Janetzki, S.; Kolschen, J.; Freye, M.; Dassow, H. H.; Lange, O.; Rogowski, W.; Reinschluessel, A.; Forberger, S.; Jahnel, T.; Schüz, B.; Gerhardus, A. (2023) Developing and Assessing Digital Public Health Interventions: A Digital Public Health Framework (DigiPHrame) Version 1.1. Leibniz ScienceCampus Digital Public Health, Bremen. 6/2023

If you have feedback or experiences with applying the framework you are willing to share with us, please contact us: framework(@)

Added value of this framework

Currently, there are frameworks that systematically assess the use of health-related technologies such as the Health Technology Assessment Core Model (Lampe et al. 2009, EUnetHTA 2016), frameworks on digital health (without considering specifically public health) and frameworks on public health. Given the rapidly increasing digital technologies designed for public health interventions, a framework for digital public health interventions is deemed necessary. The current framework aims to be comprehensive; therefore, users need not draw on multiple frameworks for their assessments. Among others it considers technical aspects as well as e.g. issues around implementation, ethics or data security.


Prof. Dr. Hajo Zeeb
E-Mail: zeeb(at)
Tel: +49 421 21856902
Fax: +49 421 21856941



Dr. Moritz Jöst
E-Mail: joest(at)
Tel: +49 421 21856755
Fax: +49 421 21856941


Rasmus Cloes
E-Mail: cloes(at)
Tel: +49 421 21856780
Fax: +49 421 21856941




Wir benutzen Cookies

Wir nutzen Cookies auf unserer Website. Einige von ihnen sind essenziell für den Betrieb der Seite, während andere uns helfen, diese Website und die Nutzererfahrung zu verbessern (Tracking Cookies). Sie können selbst entscheiden, ob Sie die Cookies zulassen möchten. Bitte beachten Sie, dass bei einer Ablehnung womöglich nicht mehr alle Funktionalitäten der Seite zur Verfügung stehen.